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Review of the MSI Raider GE78HX 13VI-095RU laptop: the most powerful model we have tested in our laboratory

28.12.2023 09:48

MSI is targeting gaming laptop enthusiasts with the Raider GE series. This range covers models from top models with 17-inch screens, 13th generation Intel Core processors and discrete Nvidia GeForce RTX 40 graphics cards, to more budget options with processors of previous generations and video adapters of the GeForce RTX 20/30/40 series, as well as screens 15.6" diagonal.

Today we're looking at the latest and most advanced MSI Raider GE78HX 13V with a 17-inch QHD screen. The company's website presents seven options with various Intel Core i9-13980HX, Core i9-13950HX and Core i7-13700HX processors, Nvidia GeForce RTX 4080 Laptop and GeForce RTX 4090 Laptop video cards, 32 or 64 GB DDR5 RAM, as well as an SSD on 1 or 2 TB. All models are equipped with modern Wi-Fi 6E and 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet. There is an extensive array of ports, including Thunderbolt 4, and the battery capacity is around 100 Wh. The laptops come with Windows 11 Home OS and a 330W external power supply.

A specific model has a certain index, since our version — MSI Raider GE78HX 13VI-095RU — is one of the top ones, where the memory is not 32, but 64 gigabytes.

The laptop was not yet widely represented on the Russian market at the time of testing, so the indicated price is approximate: about 370,000 rubles. It's quite impressive, but matches the high-end hardware.

Configuration and equipment

We tested the following configuration:

MSI Raider GE78HX 13VI-095RU
CPUIntel Core i9-13980HX (8+16 cores/32 threads, up to 4.0/5.6 GHz, 45—157 W)
RAM32 GB DDR5-5600 (2 × SO-DIMM Hynix HMCG78AGBSA095N)
both slots occupied
Video subsystemintegrated graphics Intel UHD Graphics
discrete graphics card Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 Laptop (16 GB GDDR6)
Screen17 inches, 2560×1600, IPS (AUO B170QAN01.2), 240 Hz
Sound subsystemRealtek, 6 speakers
Storage device1 × SSD 2 TB (Micron_3400_MTFDKBA2T0TFH, M.2, NVMe, PCIe 4.0 x4)
there is a free M.2 slot
Card readerSD
Network interfacesWired network2.5 Gbps (Intel Killer E3100G) *
Wireless Wi-Fi networkWi-Fi 6E (Intel Killer AX1690i, IEEE 802.11ax, 2.4/5/6 GHz, MU-MIMO)
BluetoothBluetooth 5.3
Interfaces and portsUSB1 × Thunderbolt 4 (USB Type-C) supporting data transfer and DP graphics output
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C supporting data transfer, DP graphics output and PD charging
1 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C supporting data transfer and graphics output DP **
2 × USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-A
RJ-45There is
Video outputs1 × HDMI 2.1 (8K@60Hz / 4K@120Hz)
3 × DisplayPort via USB Type-C connectors
Audio connectors1 combo for headset (minijack)
Input DevicesKeyboardwith digital keypad, with Per-Key RGB backlighting
Touchpadclickpad
IP telephonyWebcam1080p@30 fps
Microphonethere are two)
Fingerprint's scannerNo
Battery99.9 Wh, lithium polymer
Dimensions380×298×33 mm (29 mm excluding legs)
Weight without power supply3.06 kg
Power adapter330 W, weight 1.48 kg (with cables)
operating systemWindows 11 Home (22H2)

for some reason, in the Russian-language section of the official website the presence of an Intel Killer 2.5G adapter for this model is not indicated, although in reality it is present .

** The description indicates video output on all three USB-C ports, but during testing we were only able to get it on two ports .

The product is packed in two cardboard boxes (one nested inside the other for better preservation), the inner one has a handle for carrying.

In addition to the laptop itself, the kit includes a power supply with cables (the input is removable, length 1.7 m; the output is soldered, length 1.1 m, there is Velcro for rewinding), a set of documentation and a warranty card.

In addition to the laptop itself, the kit includes a power supply with cables (the input is removable, length 1.7 m; the output is soldered, length 1.1 m, there is Velcro for rewinding), a set of documentation and a warranty card.

Appearance and ergonomics

The only color option is black, there are few decorative elements: thin stripes of scarlet at the top and gold at the back, plus the company logo, and when turned off they are not noticeable.

When the laptop is turned off, the logo is not illuminated

When the laptop is turned off, the logo is not illuminated

And after turning it on, you can use the RGB backlight, which we’ll talk about when describing the corresponding control utility, and then the laptop definitely won’t be called inconspicuous: with the default settings, you get something like a Christmas tree shimmering with multi-colored lights—preschool children will be delighted.

The cover with the LCD screen and the top panel of the case are made of aluminum alloy, and the bottom part is made of plastic with a metal mesh insert. The design is solid: the surfaces show little flex even when pressed hard, and no squeaks or other unwanted sounds were noticed during testing. The screen lid also has good torsional rigidity, which is unusual for a 17-inch laptop.

Like many gaming laptops, it's not a slim device. The declared thickness is 23 mm, but after our measurements in the thickest place, closer to the rear edge, it turned out that this value exceeds — 28.8 mm, and when taking into account the rubber foot — 32.6 mm. Only in the front (not at the very edge, but near the front leg) the thickness corresponds to the declared 23 mm.

Case length and width are within specifications.

All surfaces are matte, but smooth (not slippery), but they quickly become covered with noticeable fingerprints.

The frame around the screen is quite narrow: on the sides — 6 mm, noticeably wider at the top — 13.5 mm (there is a webcam with an indicator and a shutter, as well as microphones), at the bottom — 16.3 mm.

RGB lighting on the front end of the case is clearly visible

RGB lighting on the front end of the case is clearly visible

The bottom of the laptop is a complex relief with a large number of decorative elements, not inferior in variety to the top cover. In addition to the elongated and rigid legs (one long at the front and two short at the back), there is an additional plastic «V» shaped protrusion that improves rigidity when placed on a hard surface. On a large part of the bottom there is a metal mesh with many tiny ventilation holes through which ventilation is provided to cool the components. Depending on the location, perhaps with a certain position, some of these holes may be partially blocked by your knees, but placing the laptop on a soft surface is not recommended.

On both sides of the rear end of the case there are rows of large holes through which the ventilation system removes heated air. Similar groups of holes are present on the side edges of the device.

Also on the back of the top cover there are shaped rows of narrow slits, which can lead to slight heating of the bottom of the screen. However, during testing it was found that this effect was rather weak.

The screen cover can open up to 130 degrees and locks precisely into any position starting at about 30 degrees. However, when closed, the device is slightly less secure, since there are no holding magnets.

The hinge force is moderate; opening the lid with one hand is quite possible. The outer part of its front edge along its entire length is made slightly protruding; it is convenient to pick it up with your finger anywhere.

On the left side of the laptop there is a Thunderbolt 4 (Type-C) port, an SD card slot and a combined minijack for an audio headset. There is also a tiny indicator that glows yellow when the battery is low, white when charging (goes off when fully charged) and blinks if the battery is faulty; When the operator is in a normal position, this indicator is not visible; you have to look from the side.

On the right are two USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-A ports, as well as USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C with support for DisplayPort and Power Delivery.

Some of the connectors were very cleverly placed at the rear end: a socket for an external power adapter, another USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C port (support for the DisplayPort function is also claimed for it, but this was not found during testing), a full-size RJ-45 socket and an HDMI port 2.1.

The keyboard is very similar to those we have seen in various modern models of MSI gaming laptops: full-size, with a three-row number pad, membrane type with a chiclet button layout.

Most of the keys are standard sizes (15.8 x 16 mm), with the exception of the arrow keys, which are slightly smaller (12.8 x 13.2 mm) but still remain a reasonable size, which is a positive aspect. The function keys have a narrower profile (14x8.5mm), with the Shift keys measuring 34.3mm and 25.4mm for the left and right respectively. The number pad keys are also noticeably smaller in size: 11.8x12.8 mm. The Fn function is located on the right, and the inscriptions on the number and Latin letter keys have their own special style, which requires some getting used to.

The keys have large indents on the sides (31 mm), due to the presence of speakers, their grilles with small holes.

The important WASD keys are highlighted: unlike the rest, they are translucent. In the absence of backlighting, they look unusual, and when the backlight is on, the characters on them are difficult to see due to the cloudy display and streaks inside the keys (the same is observed on the Power button).

In reality, the characters on the WASD keys are less readable than in the picture

In reality, the characters on the WASD keys are less readable than in the picture

A few more measurements: the distance between the keys in one row and between the rows is 3.3 mm. The full travel of the keys, according to our measurements, is about 1.6 mm, typing is quite comfortable, and the sounds are quiet.

Some keys have small white indicators that indicate active modes (eg Caps Lock, mute, etc.).

The device has switchable individual Per-Key RGB backlighting, which has four brightness levels and is quite bright at the maximum setting. Both the characters on the keys and their edges are highlighted. To manage this feature, you must use the SteelSeries GG utility, which, by default, is automatically activated when the system starts.

The Power button is located on the right side of the function key row, which can lead to accidental presses. This model does not have a fingerprint scanner.

The webcam is located above the screen, it shoots in 1080p format at 30 fps (and this is not bad: today there are many quite expensive laptops with 720p cameras). There is a shutter; you can also turn off the camera using a keyboard shortcut.

The touchpad is large — 131x82 mm, it is located almost exactly along the axis of the body. There are no dedicated keys, but the left and right near edges of the touchpad can easily work as corresponding mouse buttons. There is a keyboard shortcut to quickly disable it.

Software

The laptop comes with Windows 11 Home, the entire available SSD capacity is allocated to the system partition — for a two-terabyte drive this is clearly not the best solution, and the owner will have to create partitions at his own discretion.

MSI Center

There is a set of utilities, including the proprietary MSI Center (version 2.0.26.0), for the interface of which you can select Russian.

It has a monitoring section where you can see a number of useful parameters, including fan speeds (and make sure they are different).

The Features tab has four subsections: Gaming Mode, User Scenario, General Settings and Noise Cancellation.

In the first, you should “register” the installed games and select some settings for each, the set of which is very modest.

In the second subsection, one of four preset work scenarios (profiles) is selected, the essence of which is generally clear from the names and is additionally commented in English when you hover the pointer, and the spelling error we noticed in previous versions has not been corrected for several years, they cannot make a full translation into Russian — some inscriptions remain in English, as can be seen in the screenshots.

Scenarios can either be manually selected or automatically switched to the optimal mode using the MSI AI Engine (AI is an acronym for artificial intelligence, but examining its effectiveness is beyond the scope of this review).

There are any settings only in the “Smart Auto” and extreme performance scenarios. In the first case, they relate to automatic switching to “Super Battery” mode under certain power conditions or to extreme performance when running selected applications, as well as enabling the Smart profile of the Nahimic utility (more about it below).

For the “Extreme Performance” scenario, fan operation profiles are selected, and it is possible to overclock the GPU and video memory by up to 200 MHz.

You can quickly switch between scenarios without launching the utility by pressing Fn+F7. And to turn the Cooler Boost mode on and off, the Fn+↑ combination is provided (when turned on, both fans accelerate to 6200-6300 rpm, the noise is appropriate).

Here you can switch between integrated and discrete graphics using the GPU Switch function (at the bottom of the window), which allows you to set the order of using integrated and discrete video cards: only one or only the other, as well as the MSHybrid mode for automatically selecting one of the two in accordance with the needs of a specific application.

After changing the GPU Switch installation, a warning window appears and then automatically reboots. The choice you make remains after you reboot the laptop, even if autostart of the utility is disabled.

The current operating mode of the laptop's graphics subsystem can be determined by the color of the indicator built into the Power button: white means the integrated video adapter is activated, yellow means the discrete one.

The General Settings subsection will allow you to manage some additional functions, the list of which is clear from the screenshot:

Noise Cancellation, as the name suggests, controls noise cancellation to improve voice transmission in the presence of background noise.

The “Support” tab gives access to several subsections, from which “Live Update” will allow you to check for software updates, “System Information” will display brief information with the BIOS version and the laptop serial number, “Service” gives access to additional information via an Internet connection, “MSI Recovery” will allow you to start fixing Windows boot errors using the Boot Repair utility, make a backup and restore.

Clicking on the gear in the upper right corner of the window takes you to the general settings of the utility. In addition to changing the language, you can choose a dark or light color scheme, disable the launch of MSI Center at system startup, manage utility updates and collect information about the device.

You can also load additional modules.

The previously used version of MSI Dragon Center had battery charge management — the choice of a maximum level that affects both autonomy and energy replenishment time, and (it is believed) battery life, but in versions of MSI Center (without the word Dragon) this function is not present .

SteelSeries GG

In addition to the RGB backlighting of the keyboard, the laptop has purely decorative luminous elements: a strip along the entire length of the front edge and a logo on the top cover.

All this beauty is managed using the SteelSeries GG utility, in this case version 29.1.0 is used.

After launching the utility, the first thing it does is go online, display a bunch of bright pictures and offer to either log into an existing account or register a new one and join “our community” to receive news and discounts on the purchase of various software. It’s good that this offer is not an ultimatum — you can work without registration.

There are various functions not related to backlight control. Opinions may vary regarding their usefulness, so we won’t talk about them and just mention a few: for example, you can record fragments of gameplay, edit them and post them on social networks to show off to your friends later.

There is also the ability to customize sound settings to achieve optimal sound in games and chats.

Let's take a closer look at the visual effects created using the keyboard backlight and decorative elements of the laptop.

Let's start with the keyboard; a separate MSI Per Key RGB Keyboard window is called up for it. Using ready-made configurations and selecting effects and parameters for them, you can set various color variations, including constant illumination in the selected color.

There is a preview option — the specified content will be immediately reproduced by the keyboard backlighting elements.

The configuration you create yourself can be saved with an arbitrary name.

If you select “Disable”, the keyboard backlight cannot be turned on; only when you press Fn, the arrow buttons and function keys will be illuminated.

In another window called MSI Matrix, we control decorative lighting elements — the front stripe and logo. The control principles are the same as for the keyboard: configurations with effects and selectable parameters.

You cannot set different configurations for the stripe and for the logo, but you can select different effects — for example, turn off the logo backlight and leave it on for the stripe:

There are also settings for the utility itself: you can exclude it from autorun, select the interface language, and allow notifications on the desktop.

Other software

We will mention the remaining utilities only briefly: Nahimic is responsible for advanced sound processing during playback and recording, and App Player is an Android smartphone emulator that allows you to log into your Google account, download purchased or free games from the Play Store and play them with the mouse and keyboards.

A set of Microsoft 365 applications is also installed, for full use of which you will have to pay.

Screen

The MSI Raider GE78HX (13VI-095RU) laptop uses a 17-inch IPS matrix with a resolution of 2560×1600

The outer surface of the matrix is ​​black, hard and semi-matte (the specularity is very well expressed). There are no special anti-reflective coatings or filters, and there is no air gap. When powered from the mains or battery and with manual brightness control (there is no automatic adjustment based on the light sensor), its maximum value was 456 cd/m² (in the center of the screen on a white background). The maximum brightness is high, so you can safely work/play on the laptop on a clear day if you sit in the shade.

To evaluate screen readability outdoors, we use the following criteria obtained from testing screens in real conditions:

Maximum brightness, cd/m²ConditionsReadability Score
Matte, semi-matte and glossy screens without anti-glare coating
150Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)unreadable
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)we can barely read
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work is uncomfortable
300Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)we can barely read
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)work is uncomfortable
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work comfortably
450Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)work is uncomfortable
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)work comfortably
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work comfortably

These criteria are very conditional and may be revised as data accumulates. Note that there may be some improvement in readability if the matrix has some kind of transreflective properties (part of the light is reflected from the substrate, and the picture is visible in the light even with the backlight turned off). Also, glossy matrices, even in direct sunlight, can sometimes be rotated so that something quite dark and uniform is reflected in them (on a clear day, for example, the sky), which will improve readability, while matte matrices need to be blocked from the light to improve readability. Sveta. In rooms with bright artificial light (about 500 lux), you can work more or less comfortably even with a maximum screen brightness of 50 cd/m² or lower, that is, in these conditions the maximum brightness is not an important value.

Let's return to the screen of the laptop under test. If the brightness setting is 0%, the brightness is reduced to 23 cd/m². In complete darkness, the brightness of its screen can be reduced to a comfortable level.

At any brightness level, there is no significant backlight modulation, so there is no screen flickering (no PWM). As proof, we present graphs of brightness (vertical axis) versus time (horizontal axis) for different brightness settings:

This laptop uses an IPS matrix. Microphotographs show a typical IPS subpixel structure (black dots are dust on the camera matrix):

Focusing on the screen surface revealed randomly located surface microdefects responsible for the matte properties:

The grain of these defects is several times smaller than the size of subpixels (the scale of these two photographs is approximately the same), therefore focusing on microdefects and the “jumping” of focus across subpixels when changing the viewing angle are weakly expressed, because of this there is no “crystalline” effect, but it is barely noticeable There is still a change in brightness and hue at the subpixel level.

We measured brightness at 25 points on the screen, located in increments of 1/6 of the screen width and height (screen borders not included). Contrast was calculated as the ratio of the brightness of the fields at the measured points:

ParameterAverageDeviation from the average
min., %max., %
Black field brightness0.42 cd/m²−1242
White field brightness450 cd/m²−2.62.5
Contrast1100:1−3113

If you step back from the edges, the uniformity of the white field is very good, but the uniformity of the black field and, as a result, the contrast is much worse. The contrast, by modern standards, for this type of matrix is ​​slightly higher than typical. Visually you can see that the black field in some places is mainly closer to the bottom edge and is slightly brightened towards the corners. However, the unevenness of black illumination is visible only in very dark scenes and in almost complete darkness; it should not be considered a significant drawback. Note that the rigidity of the cover is low, it is slightly deformed at the slightest applied force, and the deformation greatly changes the nature of the illumination of the black field. However, without external influences everything returns to the original version.

The screen has good viewing angles without significant color shift even with large viewing deviations from perpendicular to the screen and without inverting shades. However, when deviated diagonally, the black field is greatly brightened and acquires a slight red-violet tint.

The response time depends on whether matrix overclocking is enabled in the proprietary utility (OverDrive parameter). Note that at 60Hz overclocking is not actually enabled. The chart below shows how the on and off times of the black-white-black transition change («on» and «off» bars), as well as the average total time for transitions between halftones («GTG» bars) for a refresh rate of 240 Hz :

In any case, the matrix is fast. After acceleration, brightness bursts with small amplitude appear at the fronts of some transitions (graphs for the transition between shades of gray 40% and 60% by the numerical value of the hue color, brightness is the vertical axis, time is the horizontal axis):

Let's see if this matrix speed is enough to output images at a frequency of 240 Hz. Here is the dependence of brightness on time when alternating white and black frames at a 240 Hz frame rate:

It can be seen that at 240 Hz the maximum brightness of the white frame is slightly above 90% of the white level, and the minimum brightness of the black frame is slightly below 10%. The resulting amplitude range is more than 80% of the white brightness. That is, according to this formal criterion, the speed of the matrix is sufficient for full image output with a frame rate of 240 Hz.

For a clear idea of what such a matrix speed means in practice, and what overclocking artifacts may be, we present a series of images taken using a moving camera. Such pictures show what a person sees if he follows an object moving on the screen with his eyes.

It can be seen that, other things being equal, image clarity increases as the refresh rate and degree of overclocking increase, but even with overclocking, artifacts are practically invisible.

Let's try to imagine what would happen in the case of a matrix with instant pixel switching. For it, at 60 Hz an object with a movement speed of 960 pixels/s is blurred by 16 pixels, and at 240 Hz — by 4 pixels. Blurred as the focus moves at the specified speed and the subject is held still for 1/60 or 1/240 of a second. To illustrate this, let's simulate a blur of 16 and 4 pixels:

It can be seen that the image clarity in the case of this laptop after overclocking is only slightly lower in comparison with the ideal matrix.

We determined the total output delay from switching video buffer pages to the start of displaying the image on the screen (remember that it depends on the operating characteristics of Windows OS and the video card, and not just on the display). At 240Hz refresh rate the latency is 3ms. This is a very small delay, it is absolutely not felt when working on a PC, and in very dynamic games it will not lead to a decrease in performance.

In the screen settings, you can choose from two refresh rates — 60 and 240 Hz. You can select 10 bits per color for the video signal, but the output will still be 8 bits per color. Note that the 240 Hz refresh rate is useful both in games and when watching movies — in the second case, frames will alternate with equal duration (for typical content).

Next, we measured the brightness of 256 shades of gray (from 0, 0, 0 to 255, 255, 255) with the Player profile selected. The graph below shows the increase (not absolute value!) in brightness between adjacent halftones:

The increase in brightness on the gray scale is more or less uniform, and each subsequent shade is brighter than the previous one. In the darkest area, all shades are clearly distinguished hardware-wise and visually:

The resulting gamma curve was fitted with a value of 2.23, which is slightly higher than the standard value of 2.2, but the actual gamma curve deviates slightly from the power function approximation:

There is a proprietary True Color utility, with which you can change a number of screen settings. The availability of settings depends on the selected profile:

In particular, by adjusting the Gamma setting, you can increase the speed of brightness growth in the shadows. This will improve the visibility of shadow detail, which in turn can improve performance in games with dark scenes. As an example, here is a gamma curve obtained with the minimum value of this setting (−15), which provides maximum lightening:

And part of the curve in the shadows:

It can be seen that the level of black and white, and therefore the contrast, remains virtually unchanged.

In addition, this utility allows you to link an image profile to an application, display a sight of the selected shape and color, facilitate the distribution of windows on the desktop, and perform hardware calibration (our spectrophotometer is not supported).

In the Player profile with default settings, apparently, interference with the original properties of the matrix is minimal, since the brightness and color gamut are maximum. The latter is very close to P3:

In the case of the Display P3 profile, the color gamut is almost the same:

In the case of the Display P3 profile, the color gamut is almost the same:

In the case of the sRGB profile and the rest, the color gamut is very close to sRGB:

Therefore, in these profiles, visually, the colors of images oriented to output in sRGB space have a natural saturation. Below is the spectrum for the white field (white line), superimposed on the spectra of the red, green and blue fields (lines of the corresponding colors) for the sRGB profile:

Apparently, this screen uses LEDs with a blue emitter and green and red phosphors (usually a blue emitter and a yellow phosphor), which, in principle, allows for good separation of the components. Yes, and in the red phosphor (and maybe in the green one), apparently, so-called quantum dots are used. However, this does cross-mix the components, which narrows the gamut to sRGB.

In the case of the Player profile, the mixing of components is minimal:

The balance of shades on the gray scale, even in the case of the Player profile with minimal correction, is good, since the color temperature is close to the standard 6500 K, and the deviation from the blackbody spectrum (ΔE) is below 10, which is considered a good indicator for a consumer device. At the same time, color temperature and ΔE change little from hue to hue — this has a positive effect on the visual assessment of color balance. (The darkest areas of the gray scale can be ignored, since color balance there is not very important, and the error in measuring color characteristics at low brightness is large.)

In the case of the sRGB profile, the balance of shades is also good — the color temperature is slightly higher than 6500 K, but ΔE is lower on average.

Let's summarize. The screen of this laptop has a high maximum brightness (456 cd/m²), so that the device can be used outdoors on a bright day, shielded from direct sunlight. In complete darkness, the brightness can be reduced to a comfortable level (up to 23 cd/m²). The advantages of the screen also include low response times and output latency (3 ms), high refresh rate (240 Hz), good color balance, wide original color gamut with the possibility of correction to sRGB. The disadvantages are the low stability of black to the deviation of the gaze from perpendicular to the screen plane. In general, the quality of the screen is high, and from the point of view of its properties, the laptop can reasonably be classified as a gaming laptop. Note that a laptop with such a screen can be used for professional work with color, the potential allows it.

Battery operation

The battery capacity stated in the specification is 99.9 Wh, utilities show a slightly lower value.

To a large extent, such a battery determined the weight of the laptop, slightly exceeding 3 kg, while 17-inch gaming models usually fit three kilograms with a margin.

The manufacturer did not provide information about possible battery life. To evaluate autonomy, tests were carried out with various settings. Screen brightness was set to 100 cd/m² (approximately 37%) to eliminate the benefits of devices with brighter screens.

The first four tests were performed without downloading the MSI Center utility (but with MSHybrid mode pre-installed). Subsequent tests were carried out with the «Super Battery» scenario selected in the utility, which involves turning off the keyboard backlight. A test was also performed to evaluate work with a discrete video card.

Load scenarioOperating time,
discharge from 100% to 1%
MSHybrid, keyboard backlight is off
Work with text7 hours 09 minutes
Watch video4 hours 57 minutes
MSHybrid, keyboard backlight on maximum
Work with text6 hours 45 minutes
Watch video4 hours 01 minutes
MSHybrid, Super Battery profile in MSI Center, keyboard backlight off
Work with text6 hours 14 minutes
Watch video4 hours 05 minutes
Discrete graphics card, keyboard backlight off
Work with text3 hours 05 minutes
Watch video2 hours 33 minutes

The influence of various factors on battery life was assessed. When working with text, the keyboard backlight has a negligible impact on battery life, while when watching videos the impact is more noticeable.

The “Super Battery” profile, on the contrary, reduces battery life by almost an hour, which is an unusual phenomenon, but not unique to MSI laptops.

Switching to a discrete graphics card results in half the runtime when watching videos and an even greater reduction when working with text compared to MSHybrid mode, which uses an integrated card.

The conclusions from the results obtained can be assessed as modest: for office tasks, the laptop will not have enough charge for a full working day, even with moderate screen brightness and a remaining charge of 1%. For more demanding tasks, the battery can be used more like an integrated UPS for temporary power outages or for moving a laptop between locations without turning it off. A heavy and bulky power supply is also a disadvantage, but you can pay attention to Power Delivery adapters, which are smaller and lighter.

Comparisons with other laptops with similar configurations and batteries proved difficult due to their smaller capacities.

The results of the laptop in question are relatively good, but that’s all: there are no radical differences from devices with batteries whose capacity is 10 or even 20 percent lower. And even with a third less energy reserve, one of the participants lagged behind our hero not in the appropriate proportion, but by a maximum of 15%.

In this case, there are no settings that allow you to limit the charge level and, accordingly, affect autonomy. But both in the laptop under review and in other laptops, the following feature of the charging algorithm is encountered: if at the time of connecting to the AC mains the remaining energy in the battery exceeds 90%, then the charge will not occur, it is useless to wait for a reading of 100%. There is a well-known logic in this, but in cases where maximum autonomy is required, you will first have to discharge the battery to at least 88-89 percent and only then connect the adapter.

The table shows the readings of the corresponding Windows equipment when charging from a standard power supply unit after automatic shutdown at a level of 1%, the OS was loaded on the laptop:

Charge level20%40%50%60%70%80%90%95%99%100%
Time, h:mm0:250:501:031:161:291:422:072:272:523:07

According to these indications, the process is not very fast, but one must take into account the very high battery capacity for any laptop, and then not much is obtained: 70% were obtained in an hour and a half, 90% in a little more than two hours, 95 % — in two and a half hours, only the last five percent, as is usually the case, took significant time, so a full charge lasted more than three hours. Another measurement, during which various test applications were installed on a switched-on laptop, showed a very close value: 3 hours 09 minutes.

The indicator lights up during charging and goes out when it reaches 100%.

We took measurements with the laptop turned off and powered by an adapter that supports PD mode 20V@5A (100 W, with the appropriate cable). At the same time, the current consumption was controlled.

Time, h:mmElementary0:101:001:301:401:502:102:403:003:08
Current, A2.32.52.62.72.11.30.80.60.350.05 or less

Everything goes according to the standard algorithm for lithium-ion batteries: at first the current is maximum, during the first hour and a half it even increases little by little, then a decline begins — at first quite fast, then slower. The total charging time turned out to be almost the same as before, and the indicator goes out when the current reaches a minimum.

The maximum consumption does not even reach three amperes, so you can use less powerful adapters with support for PD [email protected], which are more widespread today. But these are only suitable for charging when the laptop is turned off, because when loading the OS after turning it on, the peak consumption we recorded reached 4.6 amperes, and whether the missing amount will be “pumped up” from the battery is guesswork; we did not check.

True, after the download is complete, the current consumption does not exceed one ampere, but only if no “heavy” applications or games are launched, that is, the PD 20V@5A adapter can be used for office tasks, including while simultaneously recharging the battery. And even when copying files from an external NVMe SSD drive with the keyboard backlight turned on, the consumption did not exceed 3 A (the battery is charged, the screen brightness is about 40%).

Thus, in some cases it is still possible to do without a bulky standard power supply, but one must remember the inevitable limitations.

Sound

There are as many as six speakers in the laptop (Dynaudio audio system) — this is a rarity: you still have to look for models even with four speakers. True, the illustration on the official website shows only four sound sources, and when you remove the bottom cover, only two are clearly visible, which are located on the sides of the battery.

Apparently, the rest are located to the left and right of the keyboard, they are directed upwards, you won’t be able to see them without removing the motherboard.

If we evaluate it by the standards of laptops, then when listening to music, watching movies and playing games, the sound turns out to be extremely good: both low and high frequencies are present (we emphasize: in comparison with most other laptops, but not with external audio systems, not even very good). expensive), the stereo effect is normally noticeable.

The volume level is sufficient not only for individual use, but also for a small room (of course, we are not talking about noisy parties), and no significant distortion is observed even at maximum.

Load operation and heating

First, a little about the design features.

To remove the bottom cover, you need to remove 13 clearly visible screws.

More than half of the interior of the case is occupied by the motherboard with a cooling system.

If you remove the black protective plates, you will see a wireless communication module and an SSD in the M.2 slots, a free slot for a second such drive (there is also a screw for securing it), as well as RAM modules in two SO-DIMM slots — the volume can be increased to 64 GB, but you will have to replace the existing ones, so if you need maximum memory, it is better to immediately take the corresponding version of the model.

A significant portion of the remaining space is occupied by a lithium-polymer battery consisting of four cells.

The cooling system is branded Cooler Boost 5 and contains two coolers and six heat pipes. As already mentioned, air is sucked in through slots in the bottom and expelled from the rear, as well as on the left and right.

The cooling system fans are controlled automatically and can change speed independently of each other, adjusting to the current load and temperature of the processors. Heat pipes from the CPU and GPU are directed to the corresponding coolers, which allows for efficient cooling of both processors.

MSI OverBoost Ultra technology, described on the website, implies achieving a total CPU and GPU thermal package of up to 250 W for configurations with an Intel Core i9-13980HX processor. When loading only the central processor, the boost frequency of its P-cores can reach 5.2 GHz.

To evaluate the performance of the cooling system when using a discrete video card in various load scenarios, we present the data in the form of a table. The table will indicate the parameters of system components (temperatures, frequencies, etc.) when using a discrete video card in various modes. If it overheats, the temperature will be marked in bold. Fan speed readings will be based on data from the MSI Center utility, taking into account its somewhat conventional readings.

Load scenarioCPU frequencies, GHzCPU temperature, °CCPU consumption, WGPU frequency, GHzGPU temperature, °CGPU consumption, WCPU/GPU fan rotation speed, thousand rpm
Inaction 48-554-5 48-533.5-4from 0 to 3.6/0
Profile Extreme Performance
Maximum CPU LoadP: 4.3/3.8
E: 3.55/3.25
94-96168/104-126 6.2/3.6
Maximum load on the video card up to 898-162.04/1.8up to 761755.3/6.2
Maximum load on processor and video cardP: 3.7/2.7
E: 3.1/2.4
up to 96116/55-652.0/1.7up to 851756.2/6.3
Profile Extreme Performance + Cooler Boost
Maximum CPU LoadP: 4.5/3.9
E: 3.6/3.9
up to 97170/120-133 6.2/6.3
Profile Balanced
Maximum CPU LoadP: 4.2/3.5
E: 3.55/2.9
up to 97165/96-109 3.6/3.6
Maximum load on processor and video cardP: 4.1/2.3
E: 3.4/2.0
95 /79-80137/36-411.6-1.9up to 801506.2/6.2
Profile Silent
Maximum load on processor and video cardP: 1.8
E: 1.7
up to 7630-312.25/1.6-1.8731505.4/6.3

The user can quickly switch between profiles using the Fn+F7 key combination.

When loading the operating system, the left fan (approximately responsible for the processor) occasionally turns on at low or medium speed, which leads to changes in the temperatures of the CPU processor and GPU video card.

Let's take a closer look at the Extreme Performance profile:

When the CPU is under load (using powerMax), its power consumption increases to 168 W within a few seconds. The frequency of P-cores reaches 4.3 GHz, and E-cores — 3.55 GHz. The temperature quickly increases to 93-94°C, which leads to the onset of overheating and throttling on some P-cores. The frequencies then drop slightly and stabilize at 3.8 GHz and 3.25 GHz, respectively. Energy consumption ranges between 104 and 126 W. The CPU fan increases to 6200 rpm, while the GPU fan (right) increases to 3600 rpm and runs in this mode until the end of the test. However, the temperature remains virtually unchanged, and throttling remains on certain cores (it is worth considering that this is a test load and this behavior may not occur in real tasks).

Once the load is completed, the GPU fan stops after about a minute, while the CPU fan continues to run at low speed for a long time.

In other words, the CPU's stated maximum turbo consumption of 157 W was exceeded, albeit for a very short period of time, and the base 55 W was also exceeded by double.

When the load falls only on the video card, the situation is calmer: the GPU temperature slowly increases to 76 ° C, its frequency reaches 1.8 GHz with short-term peaks up to 2.04 GHz, and consumption is stable at 175 W, which corresponds to the stated maximum values. The CPU fan runs at around 5300 RPM and the GPU fan runs at 6200 RPM. However, due to thermal coupling between the two processors, CPU temperatures reach high values of around 80°C, with short-term peaks as high as 89°C.

At maximum load on both processors simultaneously, the CPU shows a longer turbo mode, although it is not so pronounced: frequencies jump to 3.7/3.1 GHz, respectively, for the P/E cores, consumption up to 116 W. However, after half a minute all values decrease slightly, and after another three minutes they stabilize at the level: frequencies 2.7/2.4 GHz, consumption 55-65 W. The fans quickly spin up to a maximum of 6200-6300 rpm, but the temperature continues to rise, reaching 96°C, which leads to the start of throttling, which does not stop.

The situation with the GPU is more stable: the temperature does not exceed 85°C, energy consumption is about 175 W, the frequency fluctuates around 1.7 GHz with short-term peaks up to 2 GHz.

It is clearly visible that the cooling system does not always have enough performance, which confirms the need to use the Cooler Boost mode. After activating it (via the utility or using the Fn+↑ key combination), the CPU fan constantly runs at maximum speed — 6200 rpm, and the GPU fan — at 6300 rpm, which, naturally, is accompanied by a very high noise level.

If we turn on the load only on the CPU, there is a slight difference compared to previous observations with automatic fan mode. Short-term maximum frequencies are 4.5 and 3.6 GHz for the P- and E-cores, respectively, with a consumption spike of up to 170 W, which then drops to 3.9 and 3.3 GHz, with values ​​of 120-133 W. The temperature remains almost constant at around 97 °C with continuous throttling on multiple P cores.

The constant and very loud noise from the fans can be unpleasant, and the result of using the Cooler Boost mode is virtually zero, so it is unlikely that anyone will use this mode in practice.

Switching to the «Balanced» profile and loading the CPU, we notice a minimal difference compared to the «Extreme Performance» mode. There is a short-term surge in frequencies and consumption, to approximately the same values, then a rapid decrease follows. However, overheating and throttling of the processor continues. After a few minutes, stabilization occurs at values close to the previous profile. However, there is a significant difference: both fan speeds do not exceed 3600 rpm, which means that the laptop is slightly quieter. Despite this, it is not possible to avoid overheating and constant throttling on individual processor cores.

The constant and very loud noise from the fans can be unpleasant, and the result of using the Cooler Boost mode is virtually zero, so it is unlikely that anyone will use this mode in practice.

Switching to the «Balanced» profile and loading the CPU, we notice a minimal difference compared to the «Extreme Performance» mode. There is a short-term surge in frequencies and consumption, to approximately the same values, then a rapid decrease follows. However, overheating and throttling of the processor continues. After a few minutes, stabilization occurs at values close to the previous profile. However, there is a significant difference: both fan speeds do not exceed 3600 rpm, which means that the laptop is slightly quieter. Despite this, it is not possible to avoid overheating and constant throttling on individual processor cores.

For the sake of curiosity, let’s try the Silent profile with a load on the CPU and GPU:

With the CPU, everything is very smooth: the frequencies of the P- and E-cores are constant and close — 1.8 and 1.7 GHz, consumption is also about 30-31 W, the temperature is slowly rising, at some point the fans begin to spin up, after a couple of minutes, their speeds reach impressive values of 5400/6300 rpm (it is clear that there is no talk of even conditional noiselessness), the temperature eventually stabilizes at 76 degrees, there is no throttling.

The GPU behavior is not so stable: the frequency constantly changes between 1.6 and 1.8 GHz, but with short bursts that sometimes reach 2.2-2.25 GHz. Consumption is kept at 150 W, the temperature does not exceed 73 °C.

Below are thermal images taken after long-term operation of the laptop under maximum load on the CPU and GPU (“Extreme Performance” profile):

Above
From below
power unit

At maximum load, the keyboard remains comfortable to work with, since the areas under the wrists practically do not heat up. However, using a laptop on your lap can be unpleasant as some areas become very hot, which can cause discomfort. The power supply also gets quite hot, so when running at high performance for long periods of time, it's important to monitor its environment to avoid overheating.

During prolonged use with heavy loads, including modern games, the top panel does not heat up too much, especially behind the keyboard and on the sides of it. Function keys and other keys get warm, but not warm enough to cause discomfort.

Noise level

We measure the noise level in a special soundproofed and partially muffled room. For measurements, we use a special sound level meter, placed in such a way as to simulate a typical user position: the laptop screen is tilted back 45 degrees (or at the maximum angle if the screen does not tilt 45 degrees), the sound level meter microphone is located at a distance of 50 cm from the screen and directed on it, the outgoing axis of the microphone coincides with the central axis of the screen.

To load the system, we use the powerMax program, with the screen brightness set to maximum and the room temperature maintained at 24 degrees. However, the laptop is not specifically ventilated, so the air temperature near the laptop may be slightly higher. It is important to note that the battery is charged to 100% before starting measurements.

To estimate real-world consumption, we also provide information on grid energy consumption for specific operating modes. In the settings of the proprietary utility, we select profiles such as “Extreme Performance” or “Super Battery”, depending on the parameters being studied.

Load scenarioNoise level, dBASubjective assessmentMains consumption, W
Super Battery Profile
Inaction28.1quiet45
Profile Extreme Performance
Maximum load on processor and video card53.7very loud320 (max 340)

If the laptop is not loaded at all, then its cooling system, even in Super Battery mode, operates in active mode (one fan rotates), but the noise from its operation can only be heard in a quiet environment. In case of heavy load and high performance profile, the noise from the cooling system is high. The nature of the noise is smooth and not annoying, but low-frequency humming is audible due to the frequency beating from the two fans.

The spectrogram confirms the subjective assessment — in the frequency range where sounds can cause particular irritation, there are no pronounced peaks (Extreme performance mode with maximum load on the processor and video card):

To subjectively assess the noise level, we use the following scale:

Noise level, dBASubjective assessment
Less than 20conditionally silent
20-25very quiet
25-30quiet
30—35clearly audible
35—40noisy
40—45very noisy
45—50loud
Above 50very loud

We measure the noise level in a special soundproofed and partially muffled room. For measurements, we use a special sound level meter, placed in such a way as to simulate a typical user position: the laptop screen is tilted back 45 degrees (or at the maximum angle if the screen does not tilt 45 degrees), the sound level meter microphone is located at a distance of 50 cm from the screen and directed on it, the outgoing axis of the microphone coincides with the central axis of the screen.

To load the system, we use the powerMax program, with the screen brightness set to maximum and the room temperature maintained at 24 degrees. However, the laptop is not specifically ventilated, so the air temperature near the laptop may be slightly higher. It is important to note that the battery is charged to 100% before starting measurements.

To estimate real-world consumption, we also provide information on grid energy consumption for specific operating modes. In the settings of the proprietary utility, we select profiles such as “Extreme Performance” or “Super Battery”, depending on the parameters being studied.

Thus, the MSI Raider GE78HX 13VI-095RU laptop turned out to be a clear “anti-leader” here.

Performance