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Review of the Maibenben X558 laptop with AMD Ryzen 7 5800H and Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Laptop

21.12.2023 08:43

Configuration and equipment

Here is a table of technical characteristics.

Maibenben X558
CPUAMD Ryzen 7 5800H (8 cores/16 threads, 3.2/4.4 GHz, TDP 45 W (35-45 W)
RAM16 GB DDR4-3200 (2 × SO-DIMM 8 GB Crucial/Micron CT8G4SFS632A)
Video subsystemintegrated graphics AMD Radeon Graphics;
discrete graphics Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Laptop (6 GB GDDR6)
Screen15.6 inches, 1920×1080 IPS, semi-matte, 144 Hz scan,
7 ms response, 270 cd/m² brightness (measured by iXBT.com)
Sound subsystemRealtek ALC256; 2 speakers x 2 W
DrivesSSD Kingston OM8PDP3512B 512 GB, PCIe 3.0 x4, M.2, 2280;
Additionally, you can install a SATA drive or a second SSD
Optical driveNo
Card readerfor SD/SDHC/SDXC media
Network interfacesLAN2.5 Gbps Ethernet (Realtek RTL8125)
WiFiMediatek MT7921K (RZ608) Wi-Fi 6E 2.4/5 GHz; IEEE 802.11ax; 2T2R MU-MIMO
BluetoothBluetooth 5.2 (Dual Band)
Interfaces and portsUSB2 × USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type-A
1 × USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type-C
1 × USB 2.0 Type-A
RJ-45There is
Video outputs1 x HDMI 2
Audio connectorsheadphone output, microphone input
Input DevicesKeyboardwith customizable backlight and digital keypad
Touchpadclickpad
IP telephonyWebcam720p
Microphoneavailable
Batterylithium polymer three-cell; 11.4 V; 46.7 Wh (4100 mAh)
Dimensions360x247x22mm without supports (measured by iXBT.com)
Weight without power supply2.04 kg (measured by iXBT.com)
Power adapter230 W; 687 g; with 1.5 m laptop power cable
and 1.2 m detachable mains cable
operating systemwithout operating system
Let's start with the box, since it is always and everywhere where the buyer begins to get acquainted with any product.
The packaging container is made from recycled materials, but differs advantageously from budget solutions in its external design and a carrying handle inserted on top.

Let's start with the box, since it is always and everywhere where the buyer begins to get acquainted with any product.
The packaging container is made from recycled materials, but differs advantageously from budget solutions in its external design and a carrying handle inserted on top.

The package includes: the laptop itself and a power adapter, which is suitable for operation on a 50/60 Hz AC mains voltage of 100-240 V and provides an output of 20 V at a current of 11.5 A (power 230 W).

The package includes: the laptop itself and a power adapter, which is suitable for operation on a 50/60 Hz AC mains voltage of 100-240 V and provides an output of 20 V at a current of 11.5 A (power 230 W).

Appearance and ergonomics

On the lid, attention is drawn to the embossed Mechrevo logo and the embossed inscription “Maibenben”, which, in our opinion, is placed somewhat poorly compositionally.

The laptop has a screen of 15.6 inches diagonally, that is, it belongs to the most common standard size of portable machines. Therefore, there is no need to talk about compactness, but for a gaming machine, a large display size is much more important than a gain in size and weight.According to our measurements, the thickness of the car with supports is 24 mm at the front, 29 mm at the rear, without supports — 22 mm and 26 mm, respectively, so compared to many of its classmates it can be considered quite thin. The body is made of impact-resistant polymer, the cover is made of magnesium alloy. The weight of the Maibenben X558, according to our measurements, is just over 2 kg.

The laptop has a screen of 15.6 inches diagonally, that is, it belongs to the most common standard size of portable machines. Therefore, there is no need to talk about compactness, but for a gaming machine, a large display size is much more important than a gain in size and weight.

According to our measurements, the thickness of the car with supports is 24 mm at the front, 29 mm at the rear, without supports — 22 mm and 26 mm, respectively, so compared to many of its classmates it can be considered quite thin. The body is made of impact-resistant polymer, the cover is made of magnesium alloy. The weight of the Maibenben X558, according to our measurements, is just over 2 kg.

The maximum opening angle of the lid is 135°. When closed, it uses only hinges and a closer without locks or magnets, but it is held well. The hinges are not too tight and the base is quite heavy. Therefore, you can open the laptop with one hand. The body acts as a counterweight and holds the car, preventing it from bouncing.

The maximum opening angle of the lid is 135°. When closed, it uses only hinges and a closer without locks or magnets, but it is held well. The hinges are not too tight and the base is quite heavy. Therefore, you can open the laptop with one hand. The body acts as a counterweight and holds the car, preventing it from bouncing.

The bottom panel is occupied by ventilation slots and rubber supports (two at the back, two at the front). Slash-like oblique air intakes are located above both coolers, memory modules and storage. Above the right and left speakers, slots are cut in the bevels of the case for sound exit.

The bottom panel is occupied by ventilation slots and rubber supports (two at the back, two at the front). Slash-like oblique air intakes are located above both coolers, memory modules and storage. Above the right and left speakers, slots are cut in the bevels of the case for sound exit.

On the right and left of the rear panel you can see a grid of holes through which hot air is exhausted out. Between them are a USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C connector, an HDMI video output, an RJ-45 socket for connecting to a 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet network and a power adapter connector.

On the right and left of the rear panel you can see a grid of holes through which hot air is exhausted out. Between them are a USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C connector, an HDMI video output, an RJ-45 socket for connecting to a 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet network and a power adapter connector.

On the right and left of the rear panel you can see a grid of holes through which hot air is exhausted out. Between them are a USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C connector, an HDMI video output, an RJ-45 socket for connecting to a 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet network and a power adapter connector.

On the right and left of the rear panel you can see a grid of holes through which hot air is exhausted out. Between them are a USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C connector, an HDMI video output, an RJ-45 socket for connecting to a 2.5 Gigabit Ethernet network and a power adapter connector.

There are no significant details on the front edge other than the cover's recess, which makes it easier for your fingers to grip when opening the laptop.

There are no significant details on the front edge other than the cover's recess, which makes it easier for your fingers to grip when opening the laptop.

On the right there is a card reader slot for SD cards, two USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type A ports and a side grille for the output path of the cooling system.

On the right there is a card reader slot for SD cards, two USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type A ports and a side grille for the output path of the cooling system.

The frame on the right and left is 6 mm wide and rises 2 mm above the display surface. The screen is semi-matte, 15.6 inches diagonally, represented by an IPS matrix with Full HD resolution (1920×1080) with a refresh rate of 144 Hz.

The frame on the right and left is 6 mm wide and rises 2 mm above the display surface. The screen is semi-matte, 15.6 inches diagonally, represented by an IPS matrix with Full HD resolution (1920×1080) with a refresh rate of 144 Hz.

A miniature webcam with a resolution of 720p is built into the top of the screen frame (here its width is already 10 mm), and microphone holes are located to the right and left of it.

A miniature webcam with a resolution of 720p is built into the top of the screen frame (here its width is already 10 mm), and microphone holes are located to the right and left of it.

Full-size membrane-type keyboard. Clicks are processed independently (on-key rollover). This means that the system will respond to any number of simultaneously pressed buttons. The vertical travel of the latter is 2 mm, but the tactile response is clear and nothing special is felt. Compared to the desktop version, there are certainly changes in the layout, but they are not too fundamental.

Full-size membrane-type keyboard. Clicks are processed independently (on-key rollover). This means that the system will respond to any number of simultaneously pressed buttons. The vertical travel of the latter is 2 mm, but the tactile response is clear and nothing special is felt. Compared to the desktop version, there are certainly changes in the layout, but they are not too fundamental.

Alphanumeric and symbol keys of traditional sizes for large laptops (16x16 mm). The distance between centers is 19 mm, and between the edges — 4 mm. Functional buttons are smaller (13×10 mm). The Space key is small (92 mm), the left Shift key is 39 mm, and the right Shift key is 28 mm. Fn, Windows and Alt are no different in size from regular symbolic buttons. The width of Caps Lock is 29 mm, Tab is 25 mm, Backspace is 32 mm, Enter is 37 mm. The arrows are full size. The number block is represented by a full set of 18 elements, all of which are the same size as the alphabetic ones. End, Del and Num Lock are single-register, PrintScreen/Insert and Pause/Break are double-register.

Alphanumeric and symbol keys of traditional sizes for large laptops (16x16 mm). The distance between centers is 19 mm, and between the edges — 4 mm. Functional buttons are smaller (13×10 mm). The Space key is small (92 mm), the left Shift key is 39 mm, and the right Shift key is 28 mm. Fn, Windows and Alt are no different in size from regular symbolic buttons. The width of Caps Lock is 29 mm, Tab is 25 mm, Backspace is 32 mm, Enter is 37 mm. The arrows are full size. The number block is represented by a full set of 18 elements, all of which are the same size as the alphabetic ones. End, Del and Num Lock are single-register, PrintScreen/Insert and Pause/Break are double-register.

The power button is located in a separate row on top of all the others. Adjacent to the left is a button for cyclically switching operating scenarios, and to the right and above there are two signal LEDs: operation from the electrical network and Caps Lock.

The power button is located in a separate row on top of all the others. Adjacent to the left is a button for cyclically switching operating scenarios, and to the right and above there are two signal LEDs: operation from the electrical network and Caps Lock.

The keyboard is equipped with a backlight with three levels of brightness (the fourth state is off). The backlight intensity is increased by repeatedly pressing the Fn+F7 chord, and decreased by Fn+F6. The characters on the keys themselves and their outlines are highlighted. The backlit area under each key is clearly visible when tilted away from the keyboard. It is possible to switch colors, but not for each of the keys, but for all of them together. There is dynamic color change, but backlight tints are not implemented; There is no possibility to select colors and the order in which they change.

The keyboard is equipped with a backlight with three levels of brightness (the fourth state is off). The backlight intensity is increased by repeatedly pressing the Fn+F7 chord, and decreased by Fn+F6. The characters on the keys themselves and their outlines are highlighted. The backlit area under each key is clearly visible when tilted away from the keyboard. It is possible to switch colors, but not for each of the keys, but for all of them together. There is dynamic color change, but backlight tints are not implemented; There is no possibility to select colors and the order in which they change.

The navigation bar is a clickpad without dedicated buttons. Pressing its surface is accompanied by a distinct click and a corresponding response. All basic gestures are supported.

The navigation bar is a clickpad without dedicated buttons. Pressing its surface is accompanied by a distinct click and a corresponding response. All basic gestures are supported.

Screen

The Maibenben X558 laptop has a 15.6-inch IPS matrix with a resolution of 1920x1080 pixels.

The surface of the matrix is a black hard and semi-matte surface without special anti-reflective coatings, filters or air gaps. The maximum screen brightness is 270 cd/m² with manual brightness control, which may not be sufficient in bright sunlight. However, as long as direct sunlight is avoided, the screen can be used outdoors on a sunny summer day.

Maximum brightness, cd/m²ConditionsReadability Score
Matte, semi-matte and glossy screens without anti-glare coating
150Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)unreadable
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)we can barely read
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work is uncomfortable
300Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)we can barely read
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)work is uncomfortable
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work comfortably
450Direct sunlight (more than 20,000 lux)work is uncomfortable
Light shadow (approx. 10,000 lux)work comfortably
Light shade and sparse clouds (no more than 7500 lux)work comfortably

Current screen readability criteria may be modified as more data becomes available. It is important to note that improved readability is possible due to the transreflective properties of the matrix, where part of the light is reflected from the substrate, allowing you to see the image even when the backlight is turned off. Additionally, glossy screens can sometimes be used in bright sunlight as long as they reflect a uniform and sufficiently dark image (such as the sky), while matte screens require protection from light to improve readability.

In bright rooms with artificial lighting (about 500 lux), you can work comfortably even with a screen brightness of 50 cd/m² or lower. Thus, in such conditions, maximum brightness is not a key factor.

Returning to the screen of the laptop under test: with the brightness setting at minimum (0%), the screen brightness drops to 13 cd/m². This allows you to reduce the screen brightness to a comfortable level in complete darkness.

At any brightness level, there is no significant backlight modulation, which eliminates screen flickering. To confirm this, you can look at graphs of brightness (on the vertical axis) versus time (on the horizontal axis) for different brightness settings.

This laptop uses an IPS matrix. Microphotographs show a typical IPS subpixel structure (black dots are dust on the camera matrix):

Focusing on the surface of the screen revealed chaotically located microdefects of the surface, which are responsible for the matte properties:

The grain of these defects is several times smaller than the size of the subpixels (the scale of these two photographs is approximately the same), so focusing on microdefects and the “jumping” of focus across subpixels when changing the viewing angle are weakly expressed, because of this there is no “crystalline” effect.

We measured brightness at 25 points on the screen, located in increments of 1/6 of the screen width and height (screen borders not included). Contrast was calculated as the ratio of the brightness of the fields at the measured points:

ParameterAverageDeviation from the average
min., %max., %
Black field brightness0.23 cd/m²−1113
White field brightness270 cd/m²−6.58.1
Contrast1200:1−146.3

If you step back from the edges, the uniformity of all three parameters is acceptable. The contrast by modern standards for this type of matrix is ​​slightly higher than typical. The photo below gives an idea of ​​the distribution of black field brightness over the screen area:

It is clear that the black field on the screen has some highlighting, especially closer to the edges. However, this is only noticeable in very dark scenes or in complete darkness and is not a significant drawback. It is also worth noting that the rigidity of the laptop lid, made of aluminum, makes minor changes in the nature of the black field illumination due to small deformations.

The screen has good viewing angles without significant loss of brightness and color shifts, even at large viewing angles from perpendicular to the screen. It is noted that IPS matrices in monitors usually have better viewing angles, but this screen retains good characteristics. However, when the view is deviated diagonally, the black field is greatly brightened and acquires a reddish tint.

The response time of the matrix during the black-white-black transition is 21 ms (12 ms on + 9 ms off), and the transition between shades of gray in total (from one shade to another and back) takes an average of 30 ms. The screen has a low response speed with no obvious pixel acceleration. Therefore, from the point of view of game dynamics, the speed of the matrix is insufficient for dynamic games.

To provide luminance versus time when alternating white and black frames at 144 Hz, you need to provide data or graphs that can show this information.

It seems that at a 144Hz screen refresh rate, the maximum brightness of the white frame is less than 90% of the white level, and the minimum brightness of the black frame is greater than 10%. As a result, the peak-to-peak amplitude is well below 80% of white brightness. According to this criterion, the sensor speed is insufficient to fully display images at a frame rate of 144 Hz.

To clearly demonstrate how this sensor speed affects a person's perception of moving objects on the screen, photographs taken using a moving camera will be provided. These pictures show what a person sees when their eyes follow a moving object on the screen. The test description can be found [here](link to the test description), and the page with the test itself is available [here](link to the test page). For this test, the recommended settings were used, such as a motion speed of 960 pixels/s for 60 Hz and 1008 pixels/s for 144 Hz refresh rate, with a shutter speed of 1/15 sec.

When the frame rate is 144Hz, image clarity is noticeably sharper than at 60Hz, but due to the slow response of the sensor, there is still some blur in the image.

To better understand what the image would look like using a matrix with instant pixel switching, consider the situation. At a 60 Hz refresh rate, an object with a motion speed of 960 pixels/s is blurred by 16 pixels, and at 144 Hz — by 7 pixels (at a motion speed of 1008 pixels/s). This blur occurs because the focus of vision moves at a specified speed while the subject remains stationary on the screen for 1/60 or 1/144 of a second, respectively. To clearly illustrate this 16 and 7 pixel blur effect, you can use a simulation like this:

It is important to note that the image clarity on this laptop is noticeably inferior to an ideal matrix.

We measured the total output latency from the moment the video buffer page is switched until the image appears on the screen (it is worth remembering that this latency depends on the characteristics of the Windows operating system and the video card, and not just on the display). At a 144Hz refresh rate, the latency is 7ms. This is a very low latency, which is practically not felt when working on a PC and does not affect performance even in very dynamic games.

There are two refresh rates available in the screen settings — 60 and 144 Hz. At least when using the native screen resolution, the output occurs at a color depth of 8 bits per color.

The laptop supports AMD FreeSync technology. The video card settings panel indicates the range of supported frequencies from 48 to 144 Hz for modes with a refresh rate of 144 Hz. To evaluate visual playback, we used the test utility described in the mentioned article. Enabling FreeSync resulted in images with smooth motion throughout the frame and no tearing.

Next, we measured the brightness of 256 shades of gray (from 0, 0, 0 to 255, 255, 255) at default settings. Below is a graph showing the increase in brightness between adjacent halftones:

The increase in brightness on the gray scale is basically uniform, and almost every subsequent shade is brighter than the previous one, with the exception of the darkest shade of gray, which is no different in brightness from black. However, this does not spoil the overall picture. In the darkest area, hardware and visually distinguish most shades well, which is very good for a gaming laptop:

The approximation of the resulting gamma curve gave a value of 2.23, which is only slightly higher than the standard value of 2.2, so the picture has a natural lightness. In this case, the real gamma curve deviates little from the approximating power function:

The color gamut is noticeably narrower than sRGB.

As a result, the colors on the screen are visually pale. Below is the spectrum for the white field (white line), superimposed on the spectra of the red, green and blue fields (lines of the corresponding colors):

The presented spectrum with a relatively narrow peak in blue and wide humps in the green and red ranges is typical for screens using white LED backlighting with a blue emitter and a yellow phosphor. Analysis of the spectra shows that the matrix filters significantly mix the components with each other, which narrows the color gamut.

Regarding the balance of shades on the gray scale, it is good, since the color temperature is close to the standard 6500 K, and the deviation from the blackbody spectrum (ΔE) is less than 10, which is considered an acceptable indicator for a consumer device. In addition, color temperature and ΔE practically do not change from one shade of gray to another, which has a beneficial effect on the visual assessment of color balance. It is important to note that the darkest regions of the gray scale may not be of much importance in assessing color balance due to low brightness, and the uncertainty in color performance measurements in this region may be significant.

In the settings of the proprietary utility, you can enable color correction. There are several editable profiles to choose from. But there is no particular point in resorting to this function, especially considering the gaming orientation of the laptop, especially since the correction is reset in some third-party programs.

The screen brightness (270 cd/m²) is sufficient for this. so that the device can be used outdoors during the day, protected from direct sunlight. In complete darkness it can be lowered to a comfortable level (up to 13 cd/m²). The advantages of the screen include a high refresh rate (144 Hz), low output latency (7 ms) and no flicker. The disadvantages are the low stability of black to the deviation of the gaze from perpendicular to the screen plane, a slow matrix, and pale colors. The quality of the screen, especially considering the gaming focus of the laptop, is not very high.

Internal organization

It is assumed that opening the Maibenben X558 laptop and upgrading it, such as replacing the SSD and RAM, is not considered a violation of the warranty terms. This can be confirmed by the fact that the screws that secure the bottom to the body are not sealed with special stickers or seals. This makes it easy to remove these screws (there are 10 of them) using a regular Phillips screwdriver (Philips Type). By opening the case, we can look inside the laptop and carry out the necessary manipulations to upgrade or service the device.

There is quite a lot of free space here. The largest volume is not occupied by the battery, but by the components of the laptop cooling system.

Let's start with what we just removed — the bottom cover, or bottom, of the laptop. It differs from similar parts in other portable devices because it performs not only a passive, mechanical function, but also an active role in the cooling system. It contains elements that direct heat from the heating components inside the device.

The motherboard occupies more than 60% of the bottom area and has a split design. It consists of a main module that houses the processor, video card, RAM and other key devices, as well as two secondary satellites (right and left). These satellites contain connectors for connecting peripheral devices. This design solution allows the motherboard to be installed in cases of various sizes, providing versatility for compatibility with different processors, video cards and RAM modules.

The cooling system is typical for gaming laptops and includes two fans (one each for the processor and graphics card), each with two heatsinks (rear and side) and four heat pipes. Of these, two tubes are common to both processors, however both are connected only to the processor fan, which is unusual since both fans are usually involved. The system ensures the movement of air masses in six directions: relatively cold air is supplied through holes in the bottom in two streams, and hot air is exhausted by fans through four radiators and their grilles (two on the rear panel and one each on the right and left).

RAM

The laptop has DDR4-3200 RAM with a total capacity of 16 GB, which is represented by two Crucial/Micron CT8G4SFS632A SO-DIMM modules.

Modules are placed in slots installed on one level, and not on two floors, as happens in cases where considerations of reducing the thickness of the case are no longer important. Since they are both equivalent in their characteristics, the memory operates in dual-channel mode.

Below are the test results using the built-in tools of the AIDA64 application.

Maibenben X558

Maibenben X558

System storage

The Maibenben X558 motherboard has two slots for M.2 2288 form factor storage devices.

The first slot contains a Kingston OM8PDP3512B NVMe drive with a PCIe 3.0 x4 interface. This drive has a total capacity of 512 GB, but after reserving service partitions, the available space for the user is reduced to 470 GB. After installing Windows 11, drivers and additional applications, the free space is reduced by another 40 GB.

The second M.2 slot, which is located below, has similar interface specifications, which allows you to install the same SSD drives in both slots. This allows you to create a RAID array of two physical drives operating as one logical device. You can configure RAID0 to double the capacity and read/write speed, or RAID1 to duplicate data to increase the reliability of information storage. In this case, the second slot contains a controller that supports connecting a 2.5-inch SATA drive with a thickness of 7 mm (SSD or HDD). We experimented with the low-cost 960GB AMD Radeon R5, available for use as per our August 19, 2020 review.

There are no installation problems, but you need to get four screws to secure the drive to the mounting frame. The installed drive works properly and reliably.

After removing the SATA drive and controller from the second slot, we installed the 1TB Adata Legend 960 Max device, which was tested in our lab (see report dated April 26, 2023). This procedure also went without problems.

However, now we will return to the included SSD and test it using the popular CrystalDiskMark utility.

Maibenben X558

Maibenben X558

The speeds are not very impressive, but for the main purpose of the hero of the review they are quite enough.

Card reader

The right side panel has a slot for SD/SDHC/SDXC memory cards. This allows you to use appropriate storage media for archiving information and exchanging data with photo and video cameras, as well as other devices. The screenshot below shows the speed characteristics of the card reader when working with a SanDisk Extreme Pro 128 GB SD memory card, which complies with the high-speed UHS-II standard with rated read/write speeds of 300/240 MB/s.

Speed performance of SD SanDisk Extreme Pro 128 GB in Maibenben X558 card reader

Speed performance of SD SanDisk Extreme Pro 128 GB in Maibenben X558 card reader

Traditionally, the built-in card readers of laptops do not support the fastest interface options.

LAN and Wi-Fi

Maibenben X558 is equipped with a built-in Realtek RTL 8125 LAN adapter, which can connect to networks at speeds of 10, 100, 1000 or 2500 Mbps. This completes the list of advantages of the laptop.

To provide wireless communication, a Mediatek MT7921K (RX608) wireless adapter is used, which complies with the Wi-Fi 6 standard and IEEE 802.11ax class. This adapter supports simultaneous transmission of two antennas (2T2R MU-MIMO) and provides parallel transmission of data over Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDMA) radio channels. It also provides Bluetooth connectivity.

To check the performance of both devices, we conducted tests in a network environment that included Internet access and two LAN segments. Connection to the global network is carried out through the MGTS/MTS provider via a gigabit passive optical network (Gigabit Passive Optical Network, GPON). This network is connected to the RV6699 subscriber terminal, which serves as an optoelectronic converter, modem, telephone switch and primary WAN router. The external segment currently only supports one-gigabit speeds due to technical limitations of the provider, and therefore does not support 2.5GbE.

The secondary network device, which is the main organizer of the infrastructure, is the TP-Link Archer AX72 dual-band Wi-Fi 6 AX5400 router (see our review dated November 16, 2022). It provides network access from above (WAN) and network distribution downwards (LAN and Wi-Fi). The wired network supports 2.5 Gbps because it uses UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) Cat5e cable. The main advantage of this category is the ability to use existing wiring to migrate a network from 1 Gbps to 2.5 Gbps without additional work or improvements. The quality of cables and their connections fully meets the increased requirements.

2.5 Gigabit switch TP-Link TL-SG108-M2

2.5 Gigabit switch TP-Link TL-SG108-M2

The center of a logical network operating at a speed of 2.5 gigabits per second is an 8-port TP-Link TL-SG108-M2 switch. This is a compact device, easy to use and does not require special settings (plug it in and you're done). The switch can be easily placed in a desired location where a LAN cable and electrical outlet are accessible. If necessary, it can be quickly moved to adapt the network infrastructure. In addition to supporting Ethernet at 2.5 gigabits per second, the TP-Link TL-SG108-M2 device is also capable of operating at speeds of 100/1000 Mbits per second.

2.5 Gigabit PCI adapter TP-Link TX201

2.5 Gigabit PCI adapter TP-Link TX201

For measurements, two desktop computers equipped with 2.5-Gigabit PCI adapters TP-Link TX201 were used. The first PC, which was used for measurements, ran the iperf application in «client» mode, and on the other computer, which acted as the device under test, the iperf application was running in «server» mode. The “server” indicators measured through the “client” application were subsequently used as reference data. Then the iperf application in «server» mode was launched on the device under test, and its performance was measured by the same «client» computer.

Let's move on to testing the Maibenben X558 on a 2.5 Gbit/s local network using the iperf utility. For comparison, we show in the diagrams the performance of the reference desktop and previously tested Lenovo Thinkbook 14s Yoga and Maibenben X668 laptops

The results obtained are consistent with expectations for a 2.5-Gigabit network.

Now let's take a look at the wireless network and compare the results obtained by the Mediatek MT7921K (RX608) adapters in the Maibenben X558, the Intel AX201 in the Maibenben X668 and the Intel AX210 in the Lenovo Thinkbook 14s Yoga.

Client devices were connected via Wi-Fi (5 GHz band) to a TP-Link Archer AX72 wireless router in three rooms:

  1. At a distance of 4 m from the router in its line of sight (without obstacles);
  2. At a distance of 4 m from the router with an obstacle in the form of one brick wall;
  3. At a distance of 6 m from the router with obstacles in the form of two brick walls.

The iperf “server” application was launched on the clients. The measuring station was a reference desktop connected to the same router via a UTP Cat5E cable, and the iperf “client” application was launched on it.

It is noticeable that in terms of connection speeds, the Mediatek MT7921K adapter included in the Maibenben X558 laptop is noticeably ahead of the adapters in competitors’ equipment, and this made us happy. However, this gain is unlikely to be noticeable in real life. General conclusion: the consistency of the hero of the review in terms of his work in wireless networks has been proven.

Sound

The acoustics are implemented using the Realtek ALC256 hardware codec. In the part of the machine closest to the user, on the right and left, there are two two-watt loudspeakers.

The laptop's built-in speakers are mounted in standard holders, rather than in special containers with damping suspension, which has become common practice in modern devices. To connect an external microphone and headphones or a headset, two mini-jack connectors with a diameter of 3.5 mm are provided.

The maximum volume of the built-in speakers was measured while playing an audio file with pink noise. The maximum volume level was 69.1 dBA. Compared to other laptops tested at the time of writing (ranging from a minimum of 64.8 dBA to a maximum of 83 dBA), this laptop was noticeably quieter in terms of volume.

The frequency response (amplitude-frequency response) of pink noise displays a limited range of reproduced frequencies, with obvious dips and peaks in the frequency response, while the mid frequencies are more pronounced.

Battery

The power battery is represented by three lithium-ion cells enclosed in a common outer shell. The total battery capacity is almost 47 Wh.

To give you an idea of how this compares to battery life in practice. Before testing, screen brightness is set to 100 cd/m² (in our case, this corresponds to approximately 47% of the corresponding parameter in Windows settings), so machines with dim displays do not benefit.

Load scenarioBattery life
Work with text5 hours 27 minutes
Watch video4 hours 38 minutes

Anyone who decides to seriously play modern games without connecting a laptop to an electrical outlet will not be envied, since automatic performance and consumption limits will turn gameplay into torture. However, sometimes you can do other things on a gaming machine, not to mention watching videos, and in these cases the battery always comes to the rescue.

The autonomy indicators of the hero of our review are quite good. When working with text or browsing Internet pages without complex scripts, our hero can serve the user for almost 5.5 hours on one full charge, and you can watch videos on its screen for more than 4.5 hours.

Let's see how the competing models fare in similar tests. To begin with, it is appropriate to recall the battery capacity of the participants in our correspondence competition in autonomy:

  • Gigabyte Aorus  — 99 Wh
  • MSI Pulse  — 54 Wh
  • XPG Xenia 16 RX  — 80 Wh

The best battery life is demonstrated by the Gigabyte Aorus, which is no wonder: it has the highest battery capacity. But the hero of the review compares favorably with other competitors in terms of its greatest energy efficiency: having a battery with the smallest capacity (46.7 Wh), it shows more impressive results than the MSI Pulse (54 Wh)

Maibenben's power adapter is quite heavy (687 g). It is equipped with a familiar-shaped, round connector, which, if lost, can be replaced with a universal charger of adequate power (230 W).

The curve has a very characteristic appearance: the initial period is almost linear, then the rate of charge accumulation progressively slows down. Maibenben X558 gains half capacity in 54 minutes, 80% in 1 hour 28 minutes, and charges from zero to 100% in 2 hours 19 minutes. The corresponding LED on the right on the front panel lights up until 95% of the full capacity is reached, and then goes off.

Despite the highest battery capacity in the competition, the winner is the Gigabyte Aorus (1 hour 54 minutes). The silver award goes to MSI Pulse (2 hours 20 minutes), XPG Xenia does not receive a prize place, since it goes to the hero of the review.

UEFI Setup

To call the utility for setting low-level machine parameters, press Del after turning on the power. This interrupts the initial boot and launches Aptio Setup (a product of American Megatrends Incorporated). The settings are grouped into five sections (bookmarks). The first of them traditionally contains information about hardware components and firmware version.

You can only change the system time and date here.

The Advanced Settings section contains options for configuring hardware components.

The second thing after Wake on LAN is setting the operating mode of SATA drives. Below there is a place for SSD drives with an NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory express) interface. True, nothing can be changed here, but you can see which models are installed in the first and second slots.

The Operating Mode option allows you to select a scenario (office, gaming or turbo) before loading the operating system. This feature duplicates the corresponding section of the proprietary Control Center utility, which we will discuss in detail below.

The user is also given the opportunity to return the GCU (Generator Control Unit) parameters changed during overclocking attempts, which acts as an intermediary between the clock frequency and voltage, which change when a load is applied, and the stabilized bus. If exceeding the clock frequency and supply voltage limits causes an unrecoverable failure, then resetting the GCU allows the system to return to functionality.

For the Display Mode option, you can select one of two options:

  • MSHybrid — use of a discrete or integrated video accelerator;
  • dGPU only — use only discrete graphics.

The third section of Aptio Setup is dedicated to security options: administrator and user passwords, secure boot.

The fourth partition (Boot) allows you to change the boot device from the system SSD to external hard drives, optical drives, floppy drives, USB flash drives, or UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) devices.

The last section, as always, gives you the opportunity to save the changes made or abandon them and reboot the system.

Software

Maibenben X558 will be sold without an operating system, but for testing purposes, the seller’s representatives gave us a sample with Windows 11 and the proprietary Control Center utility installed (in the Russian version — “Game Center”).

With its help, you can obtain information about the laptop’s hardware and use customizable functions and parameters, grouped into six sections (the equivalent in the Russian version is given in parentheses):

  • General Settings contains options to quickly switch the functions of some buttons and system parameters;
  • Performance allows you to assign a working profile, select the fan operating mode and use overclocking capabilities;
  • Battery provides information about the battery and its level of wear;
  • Display Settings allows you to customize the display and even perform color calibration, bypassing the operating system;
  • Light Settings (keyboard backlight settings)
    Device Information displays system information and provides tools for monitoring related parameters.

The user is allowed to enable or disable the Windows key, OSD options menu, Num on the number pad, Fn key, switch touchpad functions and control graphics modes.

Information about battery charging is available in the section of the same name.

Here you can also select a charging mode: up to maximum capacity (High Capacity Mode), balanced and for working with an almost constant connection to the electrical network.

In the last section of the proprietary utility, information about the hardware configuration is available...

...as well as information about the load of the central processor, video card, RAM and solid-state drive and temperature conditions. For some reason, the fan rotation speed is indicated not in revolutions per minute, but as a percentage of the maximum, and it is unknown what this maximum is.

Load operation and heating

The proprietary Control Center utility allows you to choose one of three scenarios (presets, modes) for the Maibenben X558, predefined by the manufacturer.

The following presets are available to the user:

  • Turbo Mode with the highest possible performance,
  • Gaming Mode optimized for games,
  • Office Mode with minimal noise.

Each scenario can be assigned a specific profile, which the user can configure independently, according to the scenarios. The limited number of scenarios is an advantage as it makes selection easier (the names clearly reflect their purpose). In some laptops from other manufacturers, utilities may contain 5-6 settings options, which can make it difficult to determine which parameters are included in the modes, for example, “Quiet”, “Office”, “Economy” and “Super Battery”.

Also important are the advanced options for managing processor (CPU) and graphics processing unit (GPU) settings, available through the Control Center for the Maibenben X558 laptop. This is demonstrated in the SPC (System Performance Control) screenshot in the Performance section.

Let's find out what can be changed here and what presets of the corresponding parameters are made by default by the manufacturer in the fastest Turbo Mode.

CPU

  • SPL (Sustained Power Limit) — limiting consumption in basic mode. Analogue of PL1 (Power Limit 1) from Intel. The value cannot be higher than that specified for sPPT. Available range: 40-60 W
  • sPPT (Slow Package Power Tracking Limit) — maximum consumption in turbo mode (analogous to PL2, that is, Power Limit 2 from Intel). The value cannot be lower than that specified for SPL. Available range: 40-60 W
  • fPPT (Fast Package Power Tracking Limit) — absolute limit of instantaneous consumption (analogous to PL4, Power Limit 4). The value cannot be lower than those specified for sPPT, fPPT. Available range: 40-95 W
  • TjMax is the maximum safe temperature. Available range — 70-95 °C

Discrete video accelerator

  • Core Clock Offset  — overclocking the GPU by clock frequency.
    The available range is from 0 to 200 MHz.
    In the range of 151-200 MHz, a message is displayed about the possibility of an accident with the appearance of a “blue screen of death” (BSOD, Blue Screen of Death)
  • Memory Clock Offset  — change the clock frequency of video memory.
    Available range — ±1000 MHz,
    In the range 701-1000 MHz a message is displayed about the possibility of an accident with the appearance of a “blue screen of death” (BSOD, Blue Screen of Death)
  • Target Temperature —limit GPU heating.
    Available range — 75-87 °C
  • Enable Configurable TGP  — activation of turbo acceleration by power.
    Available range: 60-80 W
  • Dynamic Boost —limit dynamic overclocking in auto mode.
    Available range — 0-15 W

Let us present detailed characteristics of the above-mentioned operating scenarios in screenshots of the Control Center utility.

Turbo Mode

Options
Profile linking
Fans

Since this preset is the most high-performance, the maximum parameters were selected both for the consumption and clock frequency of both computers, and for the reaction patterns of both fans and their rotation speeds.

Gaming Mode

Options
Profile linking
Fans

Here, the appetites of the computers are somewhat limited, and the reaction of the fans is less aggressive.

Office Mode

Options
Profile linking
Fans

Typical office work does not require maximum use of hardware resources, so performance is sacrificed to reduce the noise generated by the cooling system. True, computers must at the same time ensure the operation of at least simple applications, so both the CPU and GPU will still have to do some things. But coolers should be more modest, so the response speed and fan rotation speed are noticeably reduced.

As usual, we tested the Maibenben X558 using the powerMax utility in each of the three available scenarios under maximum load (only on the central processor, only on the video accelerator, and on both computers simultaneously). Measurements were taken using the HWinfo application. To evaluate how the parameters of system components change when working in different profiles, we provide the table below, which contains data on consumption, temperature and clock speed of the central processor and video card. It shows, through a fraction, the maximum achieved and established values during stabilization periods (for fans, the rotation speed of CPU/GPU coolers as a percentage of the maximum), and through a dash, the limits of fluctuation of the corresponding parameter are indicated. The temperature at which the automation detects overheating is marked in bold.

LoadCPU frequencies, GHzCPU temperature, °CCPU consumption, WGPU frequency, GHzGPU temperature, °CGPU consumption, WCPU/GPU coolers, %
Inaction 5316 452630/0
Turbo profile
On CPU3.18359—64 96/30
On GPU 1.67713060/96
On CPU+GPU3.1/2.18258/301.68213070/96
Gaming Profile
On CPU3.083—8657—63 30/30
On GPU 1.57310530/30
On CPU+GPU3.0/2.795 /9061/501.57610530/30
Office Profile
On CPU0.9962/5615 30/0
On GPU 1.5/0.959102/4435/35
On CPU+GPU1.1/0.96122/151.8/0.962102/5635/35

It seemed appropriate to us to consider the data obtained, grouping them not by profiles, but by load scenarios (maximum on the CPU, maximum on the GPU, maximum on both the CPU and GPU), since identifying the difference between individual profiles for each load scenario is much more interesting than describing the obvious difference between, say, the maximum load on the CPU and the maximum on the GPU in each operating mode.

When idle in Office Mode, the CPU warms up to 53 °C with a consumption of 16 W, and the video card warms up to 45 °C with a consumption of 26 W. In this case, the CPU fan rotates non-stop, and the GPU turns on for 20-30 seconds every 3-5 minutes.

Maximum CPU load